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First Filipino Flag

The first Filipino flag can be traced from the time of the Andres Bonifacio's secret society named: Kataastaasang Kagalanggalang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (Highest and Most Honorable Society of the Sons of the Nation) or the Katipunan or KKK for short. Benita Rodriquez and Bonifacio's wife, Gregoria de Jesus, made the first Filipino flag.

KKK - Kataastaasan Kagalanggalang Katipunan Filipino Flag


The first Philippine flags was made of red cloth with white KKK initials sewn in white. The red color symbolized the blood of the members of the Katipunan in which inductee to the society signed in their names with their own blood.

Simplified Philippine Revolution Flag Picture


The Filipino flag had variations (from 1892 to 1896). Some members arranged the KKK in a triangle while some generals of the revolution designed their own flags.


Skull with Cross Bones Flag Picture



Of note is the black banner of General Mariano Llanera in Nueva Ecija with a letter K and a skull with two cross bones underneath.


General Pio del Pilar's Filipino Flag


Another variation of the Filipino flag was that of General Pio del Pilar. It had an equilateral triangle with a K at each angle with a rising sun behind a mountain.


KKK Philippine Revolution Flag Picture



In this Philippine flag picture, the Sun with the KKK underneath was also a derivative of previous Filipino flags.


Philippine Magdalo Katipunan Flag Picture


In 1896, the Magdalo faction of the Katipunan in Cavite headed by General Emilio Aguinaldo had a red ensign with a sun and at the center of the sun is the letter K written in the ancient Filipino alphabet.


Sun of Liberty of Naic Cavite Flag



Another variation is the Sun of Liberty of the Naic Assembly in 1897 and the flag used by the Republic of Biak-na Bato.


General Gregorio Del Pilar's Filipino Flag


General Gregorio del Pilar also used another flag during the Battle of Pasong Balite and at the Battle of Tirad Pass. This Filipino flag is similar to the flag of Cuba, according to del Pilar.




Filipino Flag during the time of Emilo Aguinaldo

In 1898 Emilio Aguinaldo while in exile in Hong Kong had a banner sewn with the triangle of the Masonry with the mythical sun and face with 8 rays representing the 8 provinces that revolted against the Spanish rule (Manila, Cavite, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Bataan, Laguna, and Batangas) and 3 stars representing the main island groups: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.




Present Time Filipino Flag



In 1936, Manuel L. Quezon as president of the commonwealth, issued Executive Order 23 which contained the specifications of the national flag. The banner is almost unchanged with a few exceptions, the most notable is the use of a plain sun without the face.


Retained were the while triangle, the sun and the stars and the blue and red stripes. The triangle stood for equality and it's white color stood for purity. The blue stripe stood for peace and the red for courage.


In times of peace, the blue stripe is flown on top but in times of war, the banner is inverted with the red strip on the top. The Philippine flag is the only flag to have this official dual display.



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